Executive Dysfunction

Executive functions are the higher-order processes that enable us to plan, sequence, initiate, and sustain our behavior towards some goal. Some people compare them to the maestro or conductor who tells the musicians what to play, when to play, when to stop, and with what tempo and feeling.

A number of neurological conditions (especially ADHD) have been linked to deficits in the executive dysfunctions. Parents and teachers may be surprised to learn that conditions such as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and mood disorders (depression and Bipolar Disorder) are also associated with executive dysfunction.

Articles Available on This Site:

Overview of Executive Dysfunction
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 1998 (last updated July 2010)
An overview of Executive Function and Executive Dysfunction in children and adults

Environmental Cues, Supports, and Strategies
Leslie E. Packer, PhD (last updated January 2009)
Visual cues, cognitive strategies, and other tips for dealing with disorganization or other types of executive dysfunction

Time Management Tips
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2003
Some ideas for improving time management or time awareness
¿Para cuando era?: Sugerencias para manejar el tiempo (versión española) (pdf)