Any child can engage in behavior that is undesirable or inappropriate. Indeed, some “inappropriate” behaviors are characteristic of developmental stages and are therefore “appropriate” developmentally (think of how we talk about “The Terrible Two’s” or the rebelliousness of adolescents). When a child or adolescent has been diagnosed as having a neurological condition, however, parents and teachers may find themselves falling into the morass of trying to determine whether what they’re seeing is voluntary behavior or a symptom of the child’s condition and whether to or how to attempt to modify it.

Articles Available on This Site

What Do You Mean by “Behavior?”
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2002 (revised, 2004)
An overview for parents and teachers when considering behavior modification

Is Behavior Modification Appropriate?
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2004 (updated 2010)
How to decide whether and how to use behavior modification

Functional Behavior Assessment: Overview for Parents
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2004
Explanation of what schools are supposed to do in designing interventions for problem behavior

Hone Your Skills (pdf)
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2002
Some practical tips for parents and teachers to improve your effective use of praise and reprimands

Does Behavior Pass “The Acid Test?” (pdf)
Leslie E. Packer, PhD (revised 2004)
If it doesn’t pass this test, why are you implementing a behavior modification plan?

Pitfalls in School-Based Behavior Modification Plans (pdf)
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 2002
Discussion of common errors that are made in the implementation of behavior modification plans

Reflections of a Former “Rat-Runner” (pdf)
Leslie E. Packer, PhD, 1998 (revised 2002)
Applying my professional behavior skills to my own family leads to some realizations and a change in my approach…

School Behavior and Disciplinary Experiences of Youth With Disabilities (pdf)
U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences

Reducing Behavior Problems in the Elementary School Classroom (pdf)
Epstein, M., Atkins, M., Cullinan, D., Kutash, K., and Weaver, R., 2008
U.S. Department of Education, NCEE 2008-012

Teaching Decision Making to Students With Learning Disabilities by Promoting Self-Determination (pdf)
Alan Hoffman, 2003
From ERIC Digest

The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions on Dropout Rate for Youth with Disabilities (pdf)
Brian Cobb, Pat Sample, Morgen Alwell, Nikole Johns, 2005
National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities

Taking Stock of Risk Factors for Child/Youth Externalizing Behavior Problems (pdf)
Della Hann, Ph.D. (Editor), NIMH, 2001
This book, available as a free e-book, provides a summary of expert consensus on factors and processes that contribute to youth conduct problems